The Year 1891 in Review…

Written By Neil Van Oost Jr.

The year 1891 in review ….  A lot of important events happened in 1891 that most people would never think of these days, after all life and events of now and tomorrow take precedence over the things that happened over one hundred years ago, it was a different time. Some would say it was a simpler time, less stressful, easier living, not the hustle and bustle of today’s madcap pace,  but then again, I wonder what a person living then would say. Following are just a couple of the events that happened around the  world in 1891.

On 1 January, Nioro fell. The French suffered 5 dead and 53 wounded, while over 3000 Tokolors were killed or captured. Nioro, now Western Sudan in Africa, borders the Red Sea

On 20 January, Jim Hogg became the first native Texan  to be governor of that state. James Stephen “Big Jim” Hogg, was an American lawyer and statesman, and the 20th governor of Texas.

On 6 February the first great train robbery by the Dalton Gang occurs on the South Pacific number seventeen train.

On 3 March the Fifty-First Congress of the US passed the International Copyright Act of 1891,  it was created because many people shunned the idea of literary piracy. It was the first U.S. congressional act that offered copyright protection in the United States to citizens of countries other than the United States. The act extended limited protection to foreign copyright holders from select nations. It was also important for American creators since they were more likely to have international copyright protection in countries that were offered the same protection by the United States.

On 1 April the Wrigley Company was founded in Chicago and in France the London–Paris telephone system was opened to the general public.

On 5 May the Music Hall in New York (later known as Carnegie Hall) had its grand opening and the first public performance, with Tchaikovsky as guest conductor.

On May 20 Thomas Edison’s prototype of the kinetoscope was displayed for the National Federation of Woman’s Clubs. The Kinetoscope was an early motion picture exhibition device.

On 25 June Arthur Conan Doyle’s detective Sherlock Homes appears in The strand Magazine (London) for the first time in the issue dated July.

On 29 July Bernhard Zondek a German-born Israeli gynecologist was born, he was the developer of the first reliable pregnancy test.

On 1 August on the front page of the Paterson newspaper The Morning Call appeared an article titled  “A FIGHT FOR BLOOD”, subtitled “Two Patersonians Try to Settle a Dispute With Gloves and a Draw Results”. The article about the fight between Tony Malloy and David Hennion is available on the fultonhistory.com website which contains 35,875,000 newspaper pages from the US and Canada.

On 28 September Author of “Moby-Dick”, Herman Melville died at home of a heart attack, he was seventy-two years old.

On 1 October Stanford University in California opens its doors. Also in October, Eugene Dubois found the first bone pieces of  Pithecanthropus erectus, this was later re-designated Homo erectus, or Java Man, at Trinil on the Solo River in East Java.

On 28 November the International Brotherhood of Electrical Workers was organized in St. Louis, Missouri.

On 22 December the Asteroid 323 Brucia became the first asteroid discovered using photography.

And now the most important event that started my interest in the year 1891, it was the year that my grandmother was born. It was interesting entertainment delving into the past, for the past is the doorway to the future, and the future is what we do with our lessons of the past.